(第 5 期)   第三卷第一期   2008 年 12 月 1 日出刊

電腦科學領域高被引文章與一般文章之書目計量比較分析

A Bibliometric Analysis of Highly Cited and General Papers in the Computer Science Field

本文關鍵字:書目計量高被引文章合著文獻老化BibliometricsHighly cited papersCollaborationObsolescence

本文摘要

本研究利用書目計量法分析比較電腦科學領域高被引文章與一般文章之特性,包括基本特性、合著特性,及老化特性,並對臺灣地區機構所屬作者發表文章同樣進行特性探討。高被引文章蒐集自ESI資料庫,包括1996至2006年共2,112篇文章,其中臺灣高被引文章有20篇;一般文章檢索自WOS資料庫,包括1996至2006年共2,200篇文章,其中臺灣一般文章有89篇。研究結果顯示,高被引文章平均首次被引年齡較一般文章低,主要由歐美國家所發表;在合著率方面,高被引文章與一般文章皆呈現上升趨勢,以高被引文章合著率較高,跨國合著率同樣是高被引文章較高;分析高被引文章與一般文章之老化曲線可知,高被引文章被引狀況較持久,一般文章則是較早達到被引高峰且較早老化。此外,臺灣地區機構所屬作者發表文章特性與所有文章大致相近,但臺灣的高被引文章數在各國之排名遠不如一般文章,且臺灣的一般文章平均被引次數較所有一般文章低,顯示臺灣文章數量雖不少但品質仍有待提升。

This study explores the characteristics of the highly cited papers and general papers in the computer science field; papers by Taiwan authors are specifically analyzed and compared to the entire group of papers. Paper characteristics examined include their general features (e. g., citation conditions, journal impact factors, authorship conditions, etc.) as well as the collaboration and obsolescence conditions of those papers. Data about the highly cited and general papers from 1996 to 2006 are obtained from the Essential Science Indicators (ESI) and Web of Science (WOS) databases. Study results suggest that highly cited papers, mainly published by American and European authors, are cited sooner than general papers. Highly cited papers have higher rates of collaboration and international collaboration than general papers. Moreover, highly cited papers are cited for a longer period of time, while citations to general papers decrease rapidly. Papers by Taiwan authors have similar characteristics. But Taiwan authors published less highly cited papers; the average number of citations of general papers is also lower than that of the overall papers. This suggests the paper quality of Taiwan authors requires improvement.

全文下載網址:http://www.ceps.com.tw/ec/ecjnlarticleView.aspx?jnlcattype=1&jnlptype=1&jnltype=6&jnliid=3470&issueiid=77458&atliid=1437781


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