(第 3 期)   第二卷第一期   2007 年 12 月 1 日出刊

結構與資訊行爲:臺灣越南配偶研究

Structuration and Information Behavior: A Case Study of Vietnamese Brides

本文關鍵字:資訊行為紀登斯結構化理論外籍配偶圓周生活理論資訊貧窮理論Information BehaviorGiddensthe theory of structurationForeign Bridethe theory of life in the roundthe the

本文摘要

近年來,臺灣男性與東南亞婦女結婚成為一種普遍現象。然而,這些外籍配偶和她們的婚姻卻沒有被公平的對待,她們常被媒體描述為貧窮、教育程度低、為金錢出賣愛情的一群。這樣的現象引起作者的好奇與關心,並認為其實外籍配偶在臺灣這個她們不熟悉的環境中學習適應的過程是辛苦的,是需要被幫助的,我們應該關心的是她們如何尋求幫忙及引發的資訊行為為何?從中找出資訊服務所能著力的點,幫助她們早日融入臺灣社會,這樣對臺灣社會不論是人力面或物質面的生產而言才有助益。這也形成本研究的動機。本研究採用質性研究設計,以深度訪談法蒐集研究資料,受訪者均為越南婦女,研究期間為2004年8月至2005年7月,受訪者計二十三位。本研究以紀登斯(Anthony Giddens)的結構化理論為概念架構,理論中的概念如規則、資源、權力等,為本研究資料分析提供了指引。本研究發現外籍配偶很少尋求幫助或資訊,也就是說其資訊行為是非常貧瘠的,紀登斯的結構化理論可以用來解釋這樣的現象。文末並將結果與Chatman的研究結果相比較,但聚焦在圓周生活理論和資訊貧窮理論。最後,本文強調傳統和宿命論對人們資訊行為的重要影響。

In recent years, the phenomenon of Taiwanese man marrying Southeast Asian women began to take form and thrive. Most of the men are low social status and have limited time for socialization. This condition has made them unattractive grooms for Taiwanese women. Foreign brides, on the other hand, explain their presence in Taiwan as a result of unstable economic and political conditions at home. The foreign brides are treated unequally, and so are their children. The foreign brides need help adapting to the new life in a unfamiliar environment. This is the reason that the study was conducted. The methodological approach is a qualitative research design. In- depth interviews are used to collect empirical data. The interviewees are Vietnamese women. The research period was from August 2004 to July 2005. In total, twenty-three semi-structured interviews were carried out following a question guide made for the study. The interview time is about one hour. The empirical data were analyzed using a hermeneutical analysis technique without computer-based support. Some concepts of Giddens' theory of structuration, such as rule, resources, power, and information behavior guide the early stages of analysis. This research finds that foreign brides seldom seek help or information. Giddens' theory of structuration is used to explain this condition, and to compare the results with that of Chatman's, which focuses on the theory of life in the round and the theory of information poor. Finally, this article emphasizes the important influence of concepts of tradition and fatalism on people's information behavior.

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