(第 8 期)   第四卷第二期   2010 年 6 月 1 日出刊

從臺灣學者引文角度看歷史學期刊及學者之評鑑

本文關鍵字:歷史學歷史學期刊學術評鑑書目計量學引文分析 HistoryHistory journalsResearch evaluationBibliometricsCitation analysis

本文摘要

本研究採用引文分析方法,以臺灣地區出版之歷史學一級
期刊為研究對象,探討歷史學領域之期刊評鑑與學者評鑑。在期
刊評鑑方面,比較一級期刊引用次數排名與臺灣人文學引文索引
(Taiwan Humanities Citation Index, THCI)期刊引用次數排名之
差異,發現兩者達統計上之顯著相關,表示以少數優良歷史學期
刊的引文排名可大致上呈現臺灣歷史學期刊在整體人文學領域
的影響力。而歷史學期刊引用之臺灣與大陸期刊數量及次數差
異不大,顯示兩地期刊對歷史領域之影響力相當。另比較Journal
Citation Report(JCR)之歷史學期刊影響係數排名與一級期刊實際
引用英文期刊排名之差異,發現兩者未達統計上之顯著相關,顯
示JCR歷史學期刊的排名無法反應其對臺灣歷史學一級期刊的影響
力。此外亦發現歷史學者引用文獻以中文及圖書為主,且多引用
民國前成書的古籍。在學者評鑑方面,發現臺灣歷史學者當中,
傑出學者與一般學者在一級期刊及THCI被引用次數的關係皆達統
計上之顯著差異,證明以期刊引文分析評鑑歷史學者的學術成就
是可行的,惟使用及詮釋上仍須十分謹慎。

This study used citation analysis method to evaluate the history
journals and historians in Taiwan. Citation data were drawn from
six history journals defined by the National Science Council as the
first-class journals. Statistical analysis revealed that the ranking of
history journals by ciations of the first-class journals was significantly
correlated to the ranking in Taiwan Humanities Citation Index (THCI).
This suggests that the first-class journals alone were able to serve as
a rather representive sample for journal impact analyses in history
and humanities studies in Taiwan. Citation analysis also showed that
journals published in Taiwan and China had nearly equal impact on
Taiwan’s history research. Further, the citation of English journals in
Taiwan’s history journals was inconsistent with the Journal Citation
Reports’ (JCR) ranking by impact factor. The finding indicates that JCR
journals did not necessarily have more influences on historical studies
in Taiwan. In addition, historians tended to cite Chinese language
materials, especially books published before 1912. For historian
evaluation, analyses revealed that outstanding historians (defined by
having received any of three academic honors and awards) and ordinary
historians were cited differently both in the first-class history journals
and in THCI, and the differences achieved statistical significance.
This suggests that citation analysis is applicable to the evaluation of
historians in Taiwan, although cautions must be taken in interpreting the
data and findings.

全文下載網址:http://lac3.glis.ntnu.edu.tw/vj-attachment/2010/07/attach57.pdf


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