(第 13 期)   第七卷第一期   2012 年 12 月 30 日出刊

線上百科全書的計量研究:Wikipedia 與Knol 的比較

A Quantitative Study for Online Encyclopedias:Comparison of Wikipedia and Knol

本文關鍵字:線上百科全書Knol維基百科KnolOnline encyclopediasWikipedia

本文摘要

本研究以量化方式比較Wikipedia 與Knol 兩種不同建構模式
的線上百科全書,並發展六項量化指標:年平均瀏覽量、正文字
數、網頁可讀性、年平均被引數、引文數量以及引文類型(含期
刊、書籍、網路資源的比例與評價),再檢定兩者之各項指標。
研究結果顯示Wikipedia 與Knol 在年平均瀏覽量、年平均被引數、
引文數量、與期刊評價有顯著差異。但在正文字數、網頁可讀性、
期刊比例、書籍比例、網路資源比例、書籍評價、與網路資源評
價則無顯著差異。兩線上百科全書的網頁可讀性都是12,相較於
目前美國成年人的閱讀能力為7 而言,還是稍嫌過高。

Two online encyclopedias, Wikipedia and Knol, were quantitatively
compared in this study. Six indices, page views per year, text words,
readability, cited times per year, numbers of references and types of
references (including ratio and rating of journal, book, and network
resource), were used to compare the two encyclopedias. Wilcoxon signedrank
test was used to investigate significance of the differences. The
research results showed that page views per year, cited times per year,
numbers of references, and rating of journals (one of indices of types of
references) were statistically signicant with condence level at 0.95, but
the remaining indices were not. Besides, the readability of Wikipedia and
Knol were 12. e scores for readability of these topics were too high and
thus they were too dicult for general public of United States.

全文下載網址:http://lac3.glis.ntnu.edu.tw/vj-attachment/2013/01/attach87.pdf

 


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