(第 18 期)   第九卷第二期   2015 年 6 月 30 日出刊

數位落差、數位機會 與數位包容之關聯性研究

本文關鍵字:資訊近用資訊素養資訊應用數位機會數位包容Information accessInformation literacyInformation applicationDigital opportunityDigital inclusion

本文摘要

本文旨在提出「資訊近用」、「資訊素養」、「資訊應用」與「數位機會」的關係模式。研究中除了驗證模式適配能力與說明影響效果外,並透過多群組分析探究不同「背景分群」對關係模式是否產生干擾效果,藉以評估分群模式構面間的影響性。其次,進一步探究「數位包容」者上網意願,根據其對於電腦與網路的認知與態度,歸納成認知群、興趣群與欲求群;同時,應用對應分析予以群組化,進而探討「背景分群」與三群體間的關係。結果顯示:研究中所提的關係模式在各項指標上皆具良好配適度與解釋力,不同「年齡層」群與「教育程度」群於關係模式中具明顯的干擾效果。在分群模式的影響路徑中,具「老年」、「少年、初等學歷」、「中年」以及「老年」特徵者,其分別於「資訊近用」對「資訊素養」、「資訊近用」對「資訊應用」、「資訊素養」對「資訊應用」及「資訊應用」對「數位機會」路徑上影響力相對較高。在「數位包容」者的上網意願分析中,具「初等學歷」者屬「認知群」,具「61 歲以上、男性」者屬「興趣群」,具「41-60 歲、女性」者則屬「欲求群」。

In this paper, a model was proposed to investigate the relationship among information access, information literacy, information application and digital opportunity. Firstly, besides verifying the model fit and explaining its influential effects, this study aims to evaluate whether different individual traits will have moderating effects on this relational model by using a multi-group analysis. Secondly, the study will further explore the intention for using the Internet for those people who are digital inclusive. We will classify them into three groups in light of their awareness of and attitude towards the computer and the Internet; these are awareness group, interest group and desire group. Meanwhile, the relations between individual traits and these three groups will also be discussed by using a correspondence analysis. Four important findings are noted as follows: (1) the relational model has a good model fit and explanatory ability; (2) different age and education levels have significant moderating effects on the relational model; (3) the result gleaned from the multi-group model analysis indicates that people with old age had higher influential effects on how the information access might impact on the information literacy; people with young and elementary education had higher influential effects on how the information access might impact on the information application; people with middle age had higher influential effects on how the information literacy might impact on the information application; people with old age had higher influential effects on how the information application might impact on the digital opportunity;(4) the result from the digital inclusion analysis unfolds that people with the elementary education was clustered into the awareness group; people who are over 61 years old and male was assembled into the interest group; people who are between 41 and 60 years old and female was classified into the desire group.
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