(第 18 期)   第九卷第二期   2015 年 6 月 30 日出刊

近三十年中國大陸圖書館權利發展之分析

本文關鍵字:圖書館權利公民權社會學公共文化資訊服務大事記Library rightsSociological denfition of citizenshipPublic cultureInformation serviceChronicle of events

本文摘要

近三十年來逐漸為跨學科領域所認可的將公民權利視作一種社會過程的公民權社會學定義,為圖書館權利這一在中國公共文化/資訊服務獲取領域的包容與歸屬新需求的研究和實踐提供了有益的啟示。論文採用歷史研究中常用的大事記的方法對中國圖書館權利相關的重要事件進行時序和分類梳理,從《圖書館權利法案》及《公共圖書館宣言》的譯介和研究,宣言式圖書館政策的制訂,圖書館法律法規的制訂,中國圖書館學會相關會議或報告的關注,相關專著、專欄及專案的出現,相關媒體事件的爭論,以及國家政策法規的涉及等七個方面呈現中國大陸圖書館權利的社會過程。論文進而對這一社會過程的整體時間軸進行分析,提出中國圖書館權利的社會過程發展至今可以大致劃分為2002 年前後的自然醞釀和理念重建兩個階段,均偏重於學術探討,缺失構成公民權利完整社會過程的權利實踐和政治活動兩大領域。從這種片面性出發,論文討 論了中國大陸圖書館權利社會過程的未來發展方向。

The sociological definition of citizenship conceptualized as a social process has been accepted in interdisciplinary field during the last thirty years. It is believed that the study and practice of Chinese library rights, a new demand of tolerance and affiliation in the field of public cultural and information service, can be inspired from this type of citizenship definition. Adopting the historical research method of chronicle of events, the paper draws a clear picture of the social process of Chinese library rights and time series presented in seven aspects: firstly, the translation, introduction and study of “ALAs Library Bill of Rights” and “IFLAs Public Library Manifesto”; secondly, the preparation of the library manifesto policies; thirdly, the making of the library laws; fourthly, the attention paid by the China Society for Library Science through conferences and reports; fifthly, the appearance of related monographs, special columns and research projects; sixthly, the discussion of related media events; and seventhly, the referring in national policies and regulations. Then the paper analyzes the timeline of the social process and points out that it can be divided into two phases from the beginning until now, the naturally brewing phase before 2002 and the idea rebuilding phase after it. Both phases favor the academic discussion and therefore, the other two sides of an integrated citizenship social process, including rights practices and political activities are missing. Last, with a single-sided perspective, the paper discusses the future direction of development of Chinese library rights as a social process.
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