(第 19 期)   第十卷第一期   2015 年 12 月 31 日出刊

從範疇理論的角度探索中西圖書分類思維

本文關鍵字:圖書分類中國古代圖書分類西方圖書分類範疇理論Book classicationChinese ancient book classicationWestern book classicationTheory of categorization

本文摘要

二十世紀時,學者對分類的研究有重大突破,指出除傳統的古典範疇理論外,尚有一種稱為現代的範疇理論。本研究試圖從範疇理論的角度來探索中西圖書分類思維,希冀能有助於跨文化的研究發展,進而建立中西圖書分類所需之參照,或作為改善圖書分類系統參考之用。本文首先闡述範疇理論及其演變;接著從圖書分類原則,及圖書分類學者的分類主張,分別探討中西方圖書分類,以瞭解其所應用之範疇理論。研究結果顯示,西方的圖書分類屬於「古典」範疇理論,而中國古代圖書分類則具有「現代範疇理論」的思維。古典與現代範疇理論都是分類圖書時會應用的重要觀念,應同時兼顧。 In the twentieth century, scholars had key breakthroughs in classification and indicated that categorization theory is not only classical but also modern. This study attempts to discover the thinking behind book classification in China and the West from the perspective of the theory of categorization. It is hoped that this research can facilitate a cross-cultural study and then set up a necessary reference of comparison, as well as a reference for improving library classification systems. Firstly, the study introduces the evolution of the theory of categorization; then, from two aspects investigates which categorization theory was applied to book classification between China and the West. The two aspects include principle of book classification and the classification views of scholars in the library field. The result shows that the concept of book classification in the West belongs to the theory of classical categorization, while that of China shows the thinking of the theory of modern categorization. Modern and classical category theories should be taken into account when the books are classified.
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