(第 23 期)   第十二卷第一期   2017 年 12 月 31 日出刊

1950-1960 年代臺灣行政改革主張中的檔案管理政策發展

The Study of Archives Management Policy Development in Taiwan Administrative Reform Proposition During the 1950s and 60s

本文關鍵字:行政改革胡佛委員會檔案管理黃季陸王雲五Administrative reformHoover commissionArchives managementHuang Ji-LuWang Yun-Wu

本文摘要

近代檔案事業發展研究學者普遍認為,戰後臺灣檔案管理制度因國內局勢動盪而未有明顯發展。事實上,隨著韓戰爆發,總統蔣中正趁此喘息之際,令黃季陸、王雲五等人參酌美國胡佛委員會行政改革之成果,針對我國中央行政效能及行政組織架構進行檢討。在黃季陸與王雲五有關總務議題的報告中,文書與檔案管理相關建議不僅提出設置中央主管機關的看法,更轉化、結合美國檔案管理思維從而建立臺灣公文書系統,成為我國檔案事業發展歷程中特殊的一頁。為探究戰後美國檔案管理思維對於我國的影響,本研究針對政府遷臺後為進行行政改革而仿效美國胡佛委員會之各項作為中,檔案管理核心移轉及其相關制度建立進行論述,整理並耙梳 1950 至 1960 年代相關文獻內容,以瞭解戰後臺灣在面對檔案管理各項問題所開拓出來的新制度作為,從而構建戰後臺灣行政改革與檔案管理制度發展之歷史。

Researchers of archival undertaking history have often indicated that the official documents system of Taiwan did not develop obviously because of social unrest in the country after World War II. With the outbreak of the Korean War, in fact, President CHIANG KAI-SHEK took the opportunity to commission HUANG CHI-LU and WANG YUN-WU to refer to the achievements of Hoover Commission to improve administrative efficiency and analyze administrative structure of ROC government. In HUANG’s and WANG’s reports, the records and archives management are part of the general services topic, and its related suggestion not only established the Executive Yuan institute General Services Committee, the official documents authority of Taiwan, but also made Taiwan official documents system reformed and merged with American perspectives. It is an important achievement in Taiwan archival undertaking history, however, the government had classified these achievements secret and made many people believe the official documents system of China after World War II still keeps the same situation as before. Research which has documented the link between American and Taiwan records perspectives after World War II is scant, therefore, the aim of this article attempts to explore what the Impact of Hoover Commission on Taiwan official documents system after World War II by analyzing the reports, records, publication, papers, diaries and autobiographies related to Taiwan administrative reform proposition during the 1950s and 60s.
本文附件:

本期同分類其他文章


本刊著作權屬於「中華民國圖書館學會」所有。
Powered By Vanilla Journal - 香草期刊系統 0.256 / 2006 - 2007 © Weizhong Yang