(第 24 期)   第十二卷第二期   2018 年 6 月 30 日出刊

九大工業國研究補助論文影響力之探討

The Effect of Research Funding in G9 Countries

本文關鍵字:研究補助被引次數九大工業國Research fundingCitation countsG9

本文摘要

本研究分析美國、英國、法國、德國、日本、義大利、加拿大、俄羅斯及中國大陸等九大工業國研究補助影響力,統計九國 2009 年至 2014 年 3,693,488 篇獲研究補助論文及 2,163,256 篇未獲研究補助論文。從國家及領域面向分析發現,獲研究補助論文平均被引次數高於未獲研究補助論文,達顯著差異,研究補助有助於提高論文影響力。中國大陸研究補助率遠高於其他國家,但獲研究補助論文平均被引次數偏低,研究成果還待提升。生命科學、農業及自然科學領域之研究補助率在各領域中較高,但與該領域平均被引次數無明顯關連,平均被引次數最高為臨床醫學領域。此外,在研究補助下,各領域相對活躍程度最高國家皆與平均被引次數最高國家不同,研究補助產出活躍性高未必影響力也較高。從機構面向分析則發現,研究補助機構主要補助本國論文,但受補助之本國論文影響力卻不如受補助之其他國家論文影響力。

This study analyzed the journal articles from the G9 countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, Russia, and China) to identify the effect of research funding on citation impact in these countries. 3,693,488 funded articles and 2,163,256 unfunded articles published between 2009 and 2014 were used. The results showed that funded articles were cited more than unfunded articles, and research funding had significant positive effects on the number of citations. Although China had the highest funding ratio, its citations per funded article were low. Funding ratios in Life Sciences, Agriculture, and Natural Sciences ranked as the top three, but didn’t apparently impact on citation counts. In addition, the country with the most research outputs was not the same as that with the highest number of citations in each subject field. The funding agencies in each country provided the majority of funds to internal research. However, the effect of research funding for internal research was lower than that for external research.
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