(第 24 期)   第十二卷第二期   2018 年 6 月 30 日出刊

未婚中年婦女健康知多少?網路健康資訊行為與健康促進生活型態之研究

Understanding Unmarried Middle-Aged Women Through the Lenses of Health Information Behavior on the Internet and the Health Promoting Lifestyle

本文關鍵字:未婚中年婦女健康資訊行為健康促進生活型態網路健康資訊行為Unmarried middle-aged womenHealth information behaviorHealth-promoting lifestyleHealth information beh

本文摘要

本研究旨在探討未婚中年婦女對於自身健康的追求,並藉由網路健康資訊行為及健康促進生活型態兩個觀點作為分析的視角。研究採用問卷調查法,以 40-65 歲從未有過婚姻關係之婦女作為研究對象,以立意抽樣法與滾雪球法徵求研究參與者,於2015 年 5 月至 7 月間進行問卷調查,共回收 385 份有效問卷。研究發現未婚中年婦女普遍自覺擁有電腦操作能力,偏好網路作為主要資訊來源,而認為判斷網路健康資訊的正確性最為困難。健康促進生活型態分量表分析結果顯示未婚中年婦女對心靈層面較為正向亦重視飲食健康。研究建議未婚中年婦女應多參加社團活動加強歸屬感,而衛福與社福機構則應針對此族群開設資訊素養課程,強化利用資訊解決健康問題之能力。

The purpose of this study was to investigate the pursuit of health and well-being of unmarried middle-aged women, through the analytical lenses of health information behavior on the Internet and health-promoting lifestyle. The research participants were never-married women aged from 40 to 65 in Taiwan, they were recruited through both theoretical and snowball sampling strategies with structured questionnaire from May to July, 2015. Data collected included research participants’ demographic data, Internet health information behavior, and health promoting lifestyle. 385 completed questionnaires were confirmed as valid. The findings suggested that the unmarried middle-aged women thought that they had basic computer literacy and preferred Internet as the primary health information source. However, they found evaluating accuracy of the Internet health information a difficult task. The health-promoting lifestyle short scale (HPLP-S) revealed that the unmarried middle-aged women felt positive spiritually and cared about healthy diets. Based on the findings of this study, unmarried middle-aged women are encouraged to participate in group activities in order to increase sense of belonging, and healthcare and welfare organizations are advised to offer information literacy training sessions to unmarried middle-aged women to develop ability to solve health problems with information technology.
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